Health-Related Entry Requirements for Visitors to Tanzania

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As you consider traveling to Tanzania, whether to go on safari, tackle the slopes of Kilimanjaro, soak up the sun on the tropical coastline, or immerse yourself in the fascinating culture of this East African nation, be sure to remember to familiarize yourself with the various entry requirements. These may include visa requirements, and, as is covered in the content that follows; the different health-related considerations that you should be aware of. As a developing nation, Tanzania does not offer the same level of health resources that visitors from developed nations are accustomed to. Nonetheless, great strides are being made in modernizing and expanding these services, both for its local population and for those visiting from across the globe. You are advised to ensure that you have adequate travel insurance, especially cover that will provide for all hospitalization and repatriation expenses. From a tourism perspective, Tanzania has adopted a combination of international best practices and locally relevant regulations to ensure that health matters related to tourists receive the priority that they are due. On this page, you will find a comprehensive guide to all health-related matters you will need to be aware of both before and during your trip to Tanzania. Please note, that the medical community’s understanding and application of health measures is dynamic, and frequently updated. Accordingly, should you have any uncertainty, be sure to consult your healthcare provider or other qualified sources before traveling.

Basic Visa and Passport Information

To enter Tanzania, travelers must possess a valid passport and a visa. Depending on your nationality, you may obtain a visa upon arrival or apply for an e-visa beforehand. Ensure your passport has at least six months of validity from your departure date. Visit the official Tanzanian Immigration Website for further information.

Mandatory Vaccination Requirements for Entry

Yellow Fever – Yellow fever is a viral disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes. While most infected individuals exhibit mild symptoms, severe cases can lead to hemorrhagic fever with a high mortality rate.

Tanzania requires all visitors over one year of age coming from or transiting through yellow fever endemic countries to present a valid yellow fever vaccination certificate. This precautionary measure aims to prevent the spread of the disease.

Travelers coming directly from countries where Yellow Fever is non-endemic are exempt from the yellow fever vaccination requirement.  Travelers from non-endemic countries who transit a yellow fever-endemic country for longer than 12 hours are required to produce a yellow fever vaccination certificate. It is advisable to check for any recent changes in the exemption list before travel.


The yellow fever vaccination is only effective 10 days after receiving the vaccine. Therefore the accompanying certificate comes into effect after 10 days and remains valid for ten years. Ensure you receive the vaccination well before your departure to meet this requirement. Visit an authorized vaccination clinic or travel health center to receive the yellow fever vaccine and obtain the necessary certificate. Confirm that the center is accredited by the World Health Organization (WHO). Be sure to store your certificate safely with other travel documents required for entry (Passport etc.)

Current COVID-19 Situation in Tanzania

At present, there are no restrictions related to COVID-19 applicable to travelers from any country across the globe. As the COVID-19 situation evolves, Tanzania may update its entry requirements. Stay updated on travel advisories and guidelines issued by the Tanzanian government and relevant health authorities. Reliable vaccines are available worldwide and are recommended for all individuals.

Recommended Standard Immunizations

It is suggested that visitors to Tanzania are vaccinated against tetanus, diphtheria, and Hepatitis A and B. Please note that the above diseases are found worldwide.


Considered more common in equatorial countries, Tanzania nevertheless reports very low incidence of tetanus. Immunization is administered via the DPT vaccine, which is recommended every ten years for adults. From this perspective, it is suggested that individuals ensure their vaccine status is up-to-date. The DPT vaccine also provides immunity to diphtheria and pertussis.

Hepatitis A and B

Hepatitis A is contracted via contaminated food and liquids, while Hepatitis B is transmitted in conditions of poor sanitation via biological fluids (saliva, blood, etc). Vaccinations are widely available in countries with modern healthcare systems.

Other Suggestions

Certain countries, such as the United States of America, recommend that those traveling to Tanzania consider vaccination against chickenpox, influenza, measles-mumps-rubella, polio, and shingles before travel. These vaccinations are commonly given as standard to children.

Other Diseases to Consider


Malaria occurs mainly in tropical regions and the infected parasites are transmitted by the female Anopheles mosquito into the bloodstream of humans. There is currently no effective vaccine against infection. However, various anti-malaria prophylaxis medications exist which can reduce the risk of infection. Consult your healthcare provider or local travel clinic for further information about the available drugs. Bear in mind that some of these medications may cause unpleasant side effects.

To further minimize the risk of infection, take preventative measures to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes. Measures include applying insect repellent and by wearing long-sleeved shirts and long pants in the evening and early morning. Most accommodation establishments provide mosquito nets over beds.

Dengue Fever

This is a mosquito-borne disease seldom reported in Tanzania. However, certain countries suggest that there is a risk of contracting the disease – although in reality it is seldom reported in the country. Preventative measures such as wearing clothing that covers the arms and legs in the evening and early morning, applying insect repellent to the skin, and sleeping under a mosquito net are recommended.


If you anticipate close contact with animals, a rabies vaccination is recommended.

Meningococcal Meningitis

For travelers engaging in prolonged outdoor activities or visiting crowded settings, meningococcal meningitis vaccination is advisable.

Typhoid Fever

Vaccination against typhoid is suggested for travelers, as it is primarily contracted through contaminated food and water.

Tanzanian Ministry of Health Website

The Tanzanian Ministry of Health website is a reliable source for up-to-date information on health protocols and guidelines. For the latest information on COVID-19 and other infectious diseases, visit the official website of the Ministry of Health – Tanzania

Tanzanian Embassy and Consulate Information

For specific entry requirements and travel advisories, contact the Tanzanian embassy or consulate in your country.

International Travel Advisory Services

Stay updated on real-time alerts for changes in health-related entry regulations through reliable travel advisory services.

Preparing for Health-Related Entry Requirements

  • Plan Ahead –  Start preparing for your Tanzania adventure well in advance to allow ample time for necessary vaccinations and health documentation.

    Organizing Travel Documents – Passport, Visa, and Health Certificates

    Keep all your travel documents organized in one place, including your passport, visa, and health certificates.

    Availability of Medications – If you have been prescribed medication, you should obtain an adequate supply to last you for the duration of your stay, as it may not be locally available.  Similarly, if you have specific allergies, be sure to travel with a supply of the relevant medication in case of emergencies.

Health and Safety Tips During Your Stay

  • Adhering to Local Health Guidelines and Practices

    Respect and follow local health guidelines and practices to protect yourself and the local community.

    Food and Water Safety – Consume bottled or boiled water and opt for well-cooked meals to minimize the risk of foodborne illnesses.

    Sun Protection and Hydration – Coping with Tropical Climates

    Tanzania’s tropical climate demands proper hydration and sun protection. Wear sunscreen, drink plenty of water, and seek shade when necessary.

    Health Precautions – Your Gateway to an Unforgettable Experience

    By understanding and adhering to health-related entry requirements, you pave the way for a safe and memorable adventure in Tanzania. Your journey will not only be filled with breathtaking experiences but also contribute positively to the local communities and environment.